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We've all heard of the 4 Cs – collaboration, creativity, critical thinking, communication –, but what if there were other key skills and qualities? What about the power of curiosity, the value of empathy and the need for grit? Join me – and my guests – as we delve into these core skills in this podcast series and work out just what their importance is for students of English today.

You can listen to the episodes on my website, at Ernst Klett Sprachen and on the following platforms

Do get in touch – I'd love to hear your thoughts.

Here are the links to the materials in Episode 2 (as they occur in the podcast).

Website: Mario Livio
Book: Livio, Mario. Why? What makes us curious. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2017.

Article: Grossnickle, E.M. "Disentangling Curiosity."Educational Psychology Review 28/1 (3/2016).

Article: Kang M. J., Ming Hsu, I., Camerer C. F., et al. "The Wick in the Candle of Learning." Psychological Science 20/8 (2009).

Article: Gruber, M. J., Gelman, B. D., Ranganath, C. "States of Curiosity Modulate Hippocampus-Dependent Learning via the Dopaminergic Circuit." Neuron (2014).

TED talk: Gruber, M. "This is your brain on curiosity." YouTube, uploaded by TEDx Talks, November 11, 2015.

Paper: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). "Skills for 2030. In brief." Last accessed 21.3.2021.

Article: Lowry, N., & Johnson, D. W. "Effects of controversy on epistemic curiosity, achievement, and attitudes." Journal of Social Psychology, 115/1 (1981).

Article: Deardorff, D. K. Intercultural competence model in "The Identification and Assessment of Intercultural Competence as a Student Outcome of Internationalization at Institutions of Higher Education in the United States." Journal of Studies in International Education 10 (Fall/2006).

Here are the links to the materials in Episode 1 (as they occur in the podcast).

Article: Schleicher, A. "The Case for 21st century learning." Last accessed 21.3.2021.

Website: Sir Ken Robinson
Book: Robinson, Ken. Creative Schools: the Grassroots Revolution That's Transforming Education. New York: Penguin Books, 2015.

Website: Angela Duckworth
Book: Duckworth, Angela. Grit: Why passion and resilience are the secrets to success. London: Vermilion, 2017.